Professional And Ethical Foundations Of Counseling

 Nugget 1-2 Theoretical Orientations Narrative Therapy Narrative therapy is a story-based approach that assumes that each account is accurate for the narrator. It has no absolute reality. Consequently, narrative therapists do not make assumptions about people, but they respect each client’s unique story and cultural heritage. When the therapy is ongoing, the client explains the way the problem usually unfolds, while the therapist attempts to separate the problem from the client. Therapists ask clients to view the stories from different perspectives and co-create alternatives (M. Corey & G. Corey, 207). The goal is to point clients to new possibilities by alienating the effect of societal standards and expectations on the breath of people’s life. In this process, clients primarily interpret their stories. The technique is based on the premise that the person is not the problem. This approach fits clients because they identify the problem themselves, and therapist views issues objectively. Family Systems Therapy Family systems perspective overcomes the incomplete picture that results from using individual-level approaches. Family system therapists view the family as a functional unit and a system that requires an approach that comprehensively addresses as a “client” (M. Corey and G. Corey 208). They believe that symptoms indicate a dysfunction within a family system and that each family member is a part of the whole. Such interconnections make some issues contagious. Family therapy tends to be brief because members usually seek professional help regarding a specific problem. The approach is solution-focused, action-oriented, and short-term. The goal is to help families eradicate dysfunctional relationships and improve interactions. Additionally, family therapists function as coaches, models, and teachers and use diverse techniques to help clients overcome disturbing situations. This method is suitable for client families that want to restore normalcy of the nature of member interactions.